CL-INIT tense-aspect marker. tense / aspect marker; continuous; -ing; in the process of doing (Note that yagwa is based on the root yakw with the -a connective; in narratives in the high style when the action is hypothetical or not seen by the speaker, the connective - ł may be substituted, yielding the form yakwł. See the example from Violet Robinson here. The analysis of root-connective can be applied to all the clause-initial tense/aspect markers, but since all the others end in vowels, the -a connective is not pronounced and the ending does not vary as it does with yakw/yagw-. Since the form yagwa is so predominant, it is treated here as the lexical entry)
Yagwa dip bibuudn. We are waiting for you.
Yagwan di gapt. I'm eating it too.
Yagwa dip di gapt. We're eating it too.
Yagwa dit gapda dip gwii. They are eating it too.
Yagwan nah gaba hoon. I was eating fish.
Yagwa dit gapt.
Wayi, yakwł, k'üülda sah gwa'a da haldmbaaga 'wii xaaga, So, now, one day a big slave got up, (Violet Robinson, Txałgiw)